Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s ability to reorganize itself and reallocate neural resources over the course of one’s life. This happens during growth and development from childhood and into adulthood, in response to changes in environment, and when the brain heals itself after injury or trauma. Neuroplasticity allows the brain to “re-wire” around damaged areas in order to re-establish lost or broken connections and restore function.


17 Aspects of Brain Function and Health Rejuvenated by Training

1. Local and long-range myelination
2. Response powers (discharge magnitudes)
3. Response coordination in local networks
4. Parvalbumin and somatostatin neuron numbers, morphologies
5. Pyramidal cell dendrites; thalamocortical axonal input arbors
6. Neuromodulary expression on DA, ACh, NE, SE
7. High-speed successive-signal processing
8. Topographical order is restored
9. Cortical mini-column and column sizes, boundaries
10. Excitatory and inhibitory receptor subunits
11. Response selectivity (RF sizes); feature extraction
12. BDNF expression
13. Cortical “noise”
14. Distractor Suppression
15. Successive-signal adaptation
16. Blood-brain barrier integrity
17. Reactive hyperemia are rejuvenated